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The Art of Machining OFHC Copper: Tips, Tricks, and Techniques for Optimal Results

Copper is a highly versatile and widely used metal in various industries, and one of its most popular forms is Oxygen-Free High Conductivity (OFHC) copper. This material boasts high electrical and thermal conductivity, making it an ideal choice for applications that require efficient energy transfer. In this blog post, we will delve into the world of OFHC copper machining, discussing best practices, tips, and tricks to achieve optimal results. With over 1000 words of valuable information, you'll be well-equipped to tackle any OFHC copper machining project that comes your way.

Understanding OFHC Copper

Before we dive into the machining process, it's crucial to understand the unique properties of OFHC copper. As its name suggests, this material is oxygen-free, meaning it has been processed to remove any oxygen content. This results in a highly pure copper with a conductivity of 101% IACS (International Annealed Copper Standard). OFHC copper is also highly ductile and malleable, making it easy to form into various shapes without compromising its strength or conductivity.

Machining OFHC Copper: The Basics

Machining OFHC copper requires a thorough understanding of the material's properties and how they interact with various machining processes. Here are some essential tips to keep in mind when working with OFHC copper:

1. Choose the right cutting tools: Due to its soft and ductile nature, OFHC copper can be prone to sticking to cutting tools, causing them to wear quickly. To avoid this, opt for tools made of carbide or coated high-speed steel (HSS), which are more resistant to wear and can handle the high cutting speeds required for copper.

2. Maintain sharp cutting edges: Dull cutting edges can cause the material to smear or tear during machining. To prevent this, ensure that your cutting tools are always sharp and well-maintained.

3. Opt for slow speeds and high feeds: When machining OFHC copper, it's essential to use slow cutting speeds and high feed rates to prevent the material from sticking to the cutting tools. This will also help to minimize heat buildup, which can lead to work hardening and reduced tool life.

4. Use lubrication: Applying a suitable cutting fluid or lubricant can significantly improve the machining process, reducing heat buildup and preventing the material from sticking to the cutting tools. Opt for a water-soluble coolant that is specifically designed for use with copper.

5. Avoid work hardening: Due to its ductility, OFHC copper can work harden quickly during machining. To minimize this, use sharp cutting tools, maintain proper speeds and feeds, and apply adequate lubrication.

Advanced Techniques for Machining OFHC Copper

Now that we've covered the basics, let's explore some advanced techniques that can help you achieve even better results when machining OFHC copper:

1. Peck drilling: When drilling deep holes in OFHC copper, consider using a peck drilling technique. This involves retracting the drill bit periodically to break the chip and clear it from the hole, reducing heat buildup and preventing the material from sticking to the cutting tool.

2. Vibration dampening: Due to its high thermal conductivity, OFHC copper can transfer heat to the cutting tools and workpiece quickly. To minimize vibration and improve surface finish, consider using tools with vibration dampening features, such as variable helix end mills or dampened tool holders.

3. Electrochemical machining (ECM): For complex shapes and geometries, electrochemical machining can be an effective alternative to traditional machining methods. ECM is a non-contact process that uses an electrolyte and an electric current to remove material from the workpiece, resulting in a smooth, burr-free finish.

4. Electrical discharge machining (EDM): Another non-contact machining method, EDM uses an electrically charged wire or electrode to remove material from the workpiece. This process is well-suited for machining intricate shapes and patterns in OFHC copper, as it does not generate heat or cause work hardening.

5. Laser cutting: For applications that require precise, intricate cuts, laser cutting can be an excellent option. This process uses a high-powered laser beam to vaporize the material, resulting in clean, accurate cuts with minimal heat-affected zones.


Machining OFHC copper can be a rewarding process when done correctly, yielding high-quality components with excellent electrical and thermal conductivity. By understanding the unique properties of this material and applying the tips, tricks, and techniques discussed in this blog post, you'll be well on your way to mastering the art of OFHC copper machining. Remember to choose the right cutting tools, maintain sharp cutting edges, use proper speeds and feeds, and explore advanced techniques for optimal results. Happy machining!

CNC Copper Machining

CNC Machining Copper Material is good electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, it is soft and good for machining as it has high plasticity, it is easily and rapidly to carry out desired shape as machining cutter can run faster than other steel materials, and also reach high precision.

Copper has a shiny reddish-orange finish, which varies slightly based on the surface finish method. Copper can be media-blasted and polished to achieve many different cosmetic surface finishes.

CNC Machining Copper Parts are widely used in the manufacture of electrical wires, cables, electric brushes, electric spark, and other electrical devices and products.

CNC Copper Machining

Benefits of CNC Copper Machining

1/ CNC Machining Copper Parts are excellent in electricity conductivity, supporting very good electric function

2/ CNC Machining Copper Parts are soft, easy to design into different shape, also suitable for many processes

3/ Copper is easy for cutting and machining, its production efficiency is much higher than steel series

4/ Good propriety for bending and shaping

5/ Heat transferring function very good, high resistance, temperature stability, long durable using

6/ Stable surface, non-surface treatment is durable, electroplating is also used on copper parts

CNC Copper Machining

Composition And Property of CNC Machining Copper

Copper Property Alloy Type Content Melting Point Hardness Tensile Strength Density
Cu-based Zn, Sn, Si, Al, Ni 1083°C HB35-45 Low 8.9 g/cm3

Common Materials Code of CNC Machining Copper

Copper Alloy Workable Processes Surface Finishing for Copper Parts Materials Code
CNC Turning, CNC Milling, CNC Drilling, Molding, Forging, Fabrication, Welding, etc. Passivation, Anodizing, Plating, Chemical Polishing, etc. Copper 110
Copper 101
Copper 145
other more Copper Alloy

Asianstar: Professional CNC Machining Supplier

From year of 2005, Asianstar Company establish the CNC Machining Factory in Guangdong Province, China.
We mostly provide CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling, Grinding, and Multi Machining processes service on various materials.
With the Belief of becoming a key supplier in the supply-chain of Precision Components, we strictly control our product quality, keep high precision on our components production, buildup the whole-process QC System and submit the satisfaction for every order.
By long term development, we have buildup partnership with world-wide clients, supporting our partners in Designing, Optimizing, Producing and Testing on each type of components.


Advantages of Asianstar CNC Copper Machining

Strong Facilities

Asianstar many CNC and stamp machines allow us to produce various copper parts, different sizes, and structures are all well done by suitable solution

Long-term Skills

Asianstar professional engineers team has experience from year 2005, producing copper parts for world wide electric products

Stable Quality

Asianstar QC system and QC tools guarantee our products are perfect result. We have procedures to control copper parts quality during production

Competitive Price

Asianstar aim to buildup partnership with clients, always choose best suitable facilities to carry out the components in competitive prices


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CNC Machining Brass material is used for wide range components, we support clients to produce a variety of parts such as gears, locks, electronics, pipe fittings, etc.

CNC Copper Machining


CNC Machining Copper material is soft and easy to machining on different shape of components. We mostly produce copper components for electric devices by machining and stamping

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CNC Machining Aluminum materials is one of our most used materials. We support clients to turning, drilling or milling on aluminum material from size 0.5mm to 470mm

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Stainless Steel

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